UBINZ – Unterstützung berufliche Integration Neuzugewanderter (Support for vocational integration of new immigrants)
The target group consists primarily of new immigrants and refugees from countries without secure prospects of a permanent residence-permit in Germany and who therefore don´t have access to the usual language courses („Integrationskurse“, “BSK”) provided by the ministry of migration and refugees. The target group’s language skills and professional experience are not sufficient for entering the labour market or for participating in a vocational training. They have already passed a basic language course at an adult education centre (VHS) and already reached an A1-level (CEF) in German. Especially the refugees from Afghanistan who are not supported anymore by the German government since 01/2018 are in need of a substitutional support. It is crucial to understand, that for this target group, no other language acquisition programmes for the CEF levels A2-B2, are available in the Berlin area.
GFBM is familiar with the needs of the specific target group. Many refugees are traumatized by the causes of the flight and the experiences during the flight. The arrival in a new country and the related problems which occur during the integration-process leave many overstrained with the new situation. There is indeed the need for professional support. (Therefore, social education specialists are additionally supporting the language instructors of the project throughout its duration.)
Another challenge for the participants of the training-programme consists in their accommodation situation. The majority of them is accommodated in residential homes, they have to share rooms with strangers of different cultures, language, age and controversial political points of views. There is a lack of privacy, the daily structure of a person is oriented on the structure of all the persons living in together in one shelter. This makes it difficult for participants to learn and prepare for their language course and even to get sufficient sleep at night. This requires extra support by social workers who are additionally employed in UBINZ.
Generally, GFBM understands the acquisition of language as an intercultural education mandate. The language acquisition process is based on the education experiences and previously acquired language skills of the participants, who are empowered to identify and access consecutive vocational or educational programmes. This is facilitated by a recourse on their previous working/educational experiences which are supposed to be compared and reflected by the participants in order to adjust and settle in to the new learning-context.
The participants of UBINZ come from 35 different countries (so far). 15
participants are stateless or have undetermined citizenships. Apart from
Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Egypt, also nationals from Albania and Turkmenia are
represented in the programme with more than 5 participants. The most part of
the participants live in Germany with an authorisation
for residence for asylum applicants.
The average age of the participants is 27, 8 years. This does not differ for male and female participants and is therefore not portrayed separately.
Their educational background differs widely: From participants with only a few years of schooling or no schooling at all to participants with an academic background and even with a PhD. Some participants have had a career in their countries of origin and many years of working experience in different fields. Whatsoever, as the age structure above suggests, the typical participant has left his/her home country at an age between 18 and 25 and has had no opportunity to complete a vocational or academic education in his/her country of origin. Apart from that, the vocational training in most of these countries is not as formalized as in Germany. Therefore, the main target of the vast majority of these participants is to access a vocational training and with it, a formalized degree, necessary for most vocations in the service-, trading- and crafts-sector in Germany.
☒ Language Training
☒ Language Assessment
☒ Intercultural communication
☒ Others: Internships
Name: Olaf Melchior
Organisation: GFBM – Gemeinnützige Gesellschaft für berufsbildende Maßnahmen mbH